While populism itself is a politicised concept, this article seeks to conceptualise the populist politicisation of foreign policy.
Continuity through change: populism and foreign policy in Turkey
Although the scholarship refers to the AKP (and Erdoğan) as a singular, coherent actor, there have actually been multiple AKPs since its inception in 2001. The party is in constant flux.
Collective Identity Change under Exogenous Shocks: The Gülen Movement and Its Diasporization
For a long time, the Islamists regarded the movement’s leader, Fethullah Gülen, as an agent of the secular Turkish state to tame and incorporate Islamic activism, whereas the secularists saw Gülen as the same evil as Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini, only in different colors—with his initial moderate, democratic stance concealing a hidden agenda of Islamic revolution.
Erdoğan and the Muslim Brotherhood: an outside-in approach to Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East
The AKP’s Middle East policy, widely considered as foreign policy adventurism, represents more than a passing twist, but a deeper change in Turkey’s foreign policy orientation.
Doom and Gloom: Leaving Erdogan’s Turkey
Nativist and authoritarian populisms have largely been studied in terms of their approach towards immigrant groups, but once in power, their policies may also lead to emigration.
The chronopolitics of national populism
By exploring the neglected meaning-making power of populism, it stresses the centrality of narrative in shaping populist mobilisation and argues that the narrative toolbox of populist politics is forged through the mystification of time.
Politics of Truth and Post-truth
Having more sources than Kemal Atatürk did a century ago, the AKP could amplify its truth- claims at every platform from media to schools to mosques. Nevertheless, the AKP may be shooting itself in the foot as this grand project could backfire due to the immense cynicism generated by its post- truth politics.
The New Turkey and its Nascent Security Regime
By transforming Turkey’s security structure and diversifying his instruments, Erdoğan primarily aims to respond to possible elite and popular threats.
The formulation and implementation of populist foreign policy: Turkey in the Eastern Mediterranean
Despite the abundant references to the ‘people’ in the populist rhetoric, this paper identifies personalization in foreign policy decision-making, nationalization in foreign policy implementation, and civilizationalization in the foreign policy discourse.
The Repertoire of Extraterritorial Repression: Diasporas and Home States
Repertoire enables a comprehensive approach to discern the robust mechanisms of extraterritorial repression,while also highlightingthe dynamism that eventually paves the way to the invention, adaptationand transmission of such repressive measures.
The GUlenists in Exile: Reviving the Movement as a Diaspora
Exile was not just a harsh winter for the movement, but, indeed, an existential crisis that let many followers to embark on extensive soul-searching.
The 15 July abortive coup and post-truth politics in Turkey
Post-truth politics signifies a shift from a regime of truth to a regime of common sense, in which gut-feeling, emotions and intuitions are seen as more reliable than facts to lead to the truth.